Alaska Commercial Company Bibliography


Alekseev, A. I. The Destiny of Russian America 1741-1867. Kingston, ON; Limestone Press. 1990

Black, Lydia T. Russians in Alaska 1732-1867. Fairbanks, Alaska: University of Alaska Press, 2004.

Bockstoce, John R. Furs and Frontiers in the Far North. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Busch, Briton Cooper.  The War Against the Seals, A History of the North American Sea Fishery. Kingston & Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1985.

Cole, Cornelius. Memoirs of Cornelius Cole, Ex-Senator of the United States from California. New York: McLoughlin Brothers, 1908.

R. Fouke. Romance of the Alaska Fur Seal. St. Louis, MO: Fouke Fur Co, 1958.

Glanz, Rudolf. The Jews in American Alaska. New York, NY: Maliniak Printing, 1953.

Graburn, Nelson H.H., Molly Lee, Jean-Loup Rousselot. Catalogue Raisonne of the Alaska Commercial Company Collection. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996.

Hittel, John S. The Commerce and Industry of the Pacific Coast of North America. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co. 1882.

Howay, F.W. A List of Trading Vessels in the Maritime Fur Trade, 1785-1825, edited by Richard A. Pierce. Kingston, Ontario: Limestone Press, 1973.

Johnston, Samuel P., Ed. Alaska Commercial Company. San Francisco, CA: E. E. Wachter, 1940.

David Starr Jordan. Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska, Vol III. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1898).

L. D. Kitchener. Flag Over the North. (Superior Publishing Company, Seattle, 1954).

Lindsay, Betty and John. Pribilof Islands, Alaska: The People: A Historical Account Told Through Illustrated Biographies. US Dept. of Commerce. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORR 19. Seattle, 2010.

MacGillivray, Don. Captain Alex MacLean Jack London’s Sea Wolf. Vancouver, B.C.: University of British Columbia Press, 2008.

Mack, Gerstle. Lewis and Hannah Gerstle. New York: Profile Press. 1953.

Martin, Fredericka. The Sea Bears. New York: Chilton Co., 1960.

Miller, David Hunter. The Alaska Treaty. Kingston, Ontario: Limestone Press, 1981.

Murray, Peter. The Vagabond Fleet. Victoria: Sono Nis Press, 1998.

Narell, Irena. Our City: The Jews of San Francisco. San Diego: Howell-North Books, 1981.

Naske, Claus M., Slotnick, Herbert E.  History of the 49th State. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1994.

O’Neill, Frederic Gordon. Ernest Reuben Lilienthal and His Family. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1949.

Ricks, Melvin. Ed. Stephen W. and Betty J. Haycox. Alaska Bibliography. Alaska Historical Commission. Portland, OR: Binford & Mort, 1977.

Shiels, Archie. Seward’s Icebox. Bellingham, WA: Shiels Private Printing, 1933.

Shiels, Archie. A Short History of Transportation to and Within the Territory of Alaska 1867-1908. Bellingham, WA: Shiels Private Printing, 1950.

Shiels, Archie. Russian America and the Purchase of Alaska. Bellingham, WA: Pacific American Fisheries, 1949.

Shiels, Archie. The Purchase of Alaska. College, AK: UAF Press, 1967.

Sloss, Frank H. Only on Monday: Papers Delivered before the Chit-Chat Club. San Francisco: Lawton Kennedy, 1978.

Whymper, Frederick. Travels and Adventures in the Territory of Alaska. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869.

Government Documents

Foreign Relations. “Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs Accompanying the Annual Message of the president to the 2nd Session of the 40th Congress”, Part 1. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1868.

Lease of the Seal Islands to the Alaska Commercial Company. August 3, 1870.  Wm A. Richardson, Acting Sec of the Treasury; John F. Miller, President ACC. Congressional Set 3, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1870.

Bailey, Capt. Geo. W., USMC. A Report Upon Alaska and Its People. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1880.

Elliott, Henry W. The Seal Islands of Alaska. Section IX, Monograph A. Tenth Census of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1881.

Gsovski, Vladimir. Russian Administration of Alaska and the Status of the Alaskan Natives. Document #152, 81st Congress, 2nd Session. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1950.

U.S. Congress, Extension of Customs Act of 7.27.1868, 40th Congress, Session II, Ch 273, p 240. [http://library.alaska.gov/hist/html/ASL-KF50.U58v15-p240.htm]

US. Congress, House. Report of the Honorable Vincent Colyer, United States Special Indian Commissioner on the Indian Tribes and Their Surroundings in Alaska Territory, from Personal Observation and Inspection, 1869. 41st Congress, 2nd Session 1869. House Executive Document No. 1414.

U.S. Congress, House. Memorial of Louis Goldstone.  42nd Congress, 1st Session. Mis. Doc. No.6. 1871.

U.S. Congress, House Committee on Ways and Means. The Alaska Commercial Company. 44th Congress, 1st Session, 1876. House Report No. 623.

U.S. Congress, House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Investigation of the Fur-Seal and Other Fisheries of Alaska. 50th Congress, 2nd Session 1889. Report No. 3883. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1889.

U.S. Congress, Senate Committee on Commerce. Letter from The Secretary of the Treasury. (Report of William Gouverneur Morris, Special Agent.) 45th Congress, 3rd Session. Executive Document No. 59. 1879.

U.S. Congress, Senate. Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury. 50th Congress, 2nd Session, Ex. Doc.90. 1889.

Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1875. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office. 1875.

Annual Reports of the Governor of District of Alaska to the Secretary of the Interior. 1891. Alaska Division Bureau of Education. Washington D.C. Government Printing Office. Washington D.C. 1891.

“The Romance of the Alaska Fur Seal. Fouke Fur Co. (Agents of the United States Government, the Canadian Government, the Government of the Union of South Africa, the Government of Uraguay, the Japanese Government and other shippers for the processing and sale of Fur Seal Skins), St. Louis, Mo, 1948.

Sandberg, Eric. A History of Alaska Population Settlement. Juneau: Alaska Department of Labor, Research & Analysis Section. 2013.

Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska: 1895 to 1896. Report of Joseph Murray, Special Treasury Agent, for the year 1894. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office. 1898.

Newspapers – Online

American Russian Chamber of Commerce. The American Russian Commercial Company. 

Elliott, Henry W. “An American Artist in Alaska.”

Noble, Dennis L. “Fog, Men and Cutters: A Short History of the Bering Sea Patrol.” U.S. Coast Guard, 2005.

R. Fouke. “Now is the Largest Sealskin Market in the World.“ The St. Louis Star and Times, 1948.

Papers & Reports

Alaska Commercial Company Records 1868-1913. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library, University Archives, Alaska and Polar Regions Collections. Fairbanks, Alaska.

Alaska Commercial Company Book V Accounts, Tegalda Station: Cash Sales 1875-1879. Lost Ledgers of the Alaska Commercial Company.

Alaska Historical Society. “Trade and Commerce in Alaska’s Past” Proceedings, Kodiak, Alaska. 1994.

Anti-Monopoly Association of the Pacific Coast. A History of the Wrongs of Alaska. San Francisco, CA: 1875.

De Lorme, Roland. “The Alaska Commercial Company and the U.S. Customs Bureau in Alaska” The Sea in Alaska’s Past, ed. Michael Kennedy. Anchorage, AK: Office of History and Archeology, Alaska Division of Parks, 1979.

Greenebaum, A. “Census of Unalaska and Aleutian Villages, March 1878” Alaska Commercial Company Records, Box 52, Folder 1578. Fairbanks: University of Alaska. 1878.

Hinckley, Ted C. “Cutter, Smuggler, Colporteur, and Trader” The Sea in Alaska’s Past, ed. Michael Kennedy. Anchorage, AK: Office of History and Archeology, Alaska Division of Parks, 1979. p 182-201.


The American Furrier. American fur trade journal, 1922.  

Bowman, J.M. “The Pacific Ocean and the Pacific Northwest”. Washington Historical Quarterly, Vol. III, No. 2, (1912):

Dall, William H. “Is Alaska a Paying Investment?” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 44 #260 (1872): 251-256.

Elliott, Henry W. “Ten Years’ Acquaintance with Alaska: 1867-1877”. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, No. CCCXX, Vol. LV (1877): 801-816.

Henry W. Elliott. “Fur Seal’s Friend,” in Pioneering Conservation in Alaska, ed. Ken Ross. (University of Colorado Press, 2006). https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.cttiwn0r8r.12

“Ten dyed Alaskan sealskins to Princess Marie Jose of Belgium…,
Fortune Magazine, October 9, 1940

“The Fur Seal Millions on the Pribylov Islands”. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 48 #288 (1874): 795-805.

Gay, James T. Bering Sea Controversy Harrison, Blaine and Cronyism. The Alaska Journal, Vol 3 (1973): 12-19.

Lee, Molly. “The Alaska Commercial Company: The Formative Years”. Pacific Northwest Quarterly, #89, (1998): p 59-64.

Pierce, Richard. “Last Governor of Russian America.” Journal of the West, Vol. VI, No. 3, (July 1967): p 395-416.

Sloss, Frank and Pierce Richard. “The Hutchinson, Kohl Story”. Pacific Northwest Quarterly, #62, (1971): p 1-6.

Sloss, Frank H. “Who Owned the Alaska Commercial Company?” Pacific Northwest Quarterly, #68, Vol. 3 (1977): p 120-130.

Pierce, Richard Austin. “Last Governor of Russian America”. Journal of the West, Vol. VI, No. 3. (July 1967); p 395-416.

Townsend, Joan B. “Mercantilism and Societal Change: An Ethnohistoric Examination of Some Essential Variables.” Ethnohistory, Vol. 22, #1, Winter (1975): p 21-32.

Townsend, Joan B. “Alaskan Natives and the Russian-American Company.” Proceedings of the Second Congress, Canadian Ethnology Society: Ottowa. Vol. 2, p 555-570. 1975.

Wells, W.R. “Wet, Cold, and Thoroughly Miserable.” Prologue, Fall 2014. Washington, D.C.: Prologue. 2014.


Microfiche extracts from The Alaskan, (Sitka, Alaska), November 21, 1885-January 16, 1886. The UAA/APU Consortium Library

Kane, General Thomas L. Alaska and the Polar Regions. New York
Journeymen Printers’ Co-Operative Assoc. 1868.   

Rex Wilhelm: former President, and CEO, Alaska Commercial Company. Filmed interview, August 17, 2022. 

Sam Salkin. Interview notes, October 14, 2022.

Perry Eaton: Aluitiq Artist. Recorded interview, October 4, 2022.

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